This handbook is intended for trainers or facilitators working with parents and primary caregivers of children living with HIV. It gives guidance, information and activities to build the capacity of trainers and facilitators who work with parents and primary caregivers of children living with HIV, and specifically children who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Trainers and facilitators will then be able to transfer skills and knowledge to parents, guardians and primary caregivers, who can in turn take on a more informed and active role in caring for children living with HIV.
Goals of the Handbook
The goal of the handbook is to provide trainers and community facilitators with skills and information to support parents, guardians and primary caregivers to:
- Be better informed about the basics of HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART) for children.
- Know the needs of children living with HIV and those receiving ART.
- Implement or participate in activities to increase the support for children on ART in their communities.
The HIV epidemic has presented a unique challenge to families and communities throughout southern Africa. Rising to this challenge will mean parents and caregivers need to develop the confidence and skills needed to care for their child, whether they are HIV positive or not.
The handbook has six modules, each containing background information and activities to reinforce key concepts. The entire handbook is designed to be covered in five days. This can be shortened depending on the knowledge and skill levels of the participants, as judged by the lead trainer. The modules are as follows:
- Introduction to Training
- Children and HIV
- Antiretroviral Therapy for Children
- Caring for a Child on ART
- Caring for the Caregiver
- Taking Action
The handbook also includes handouts with additional reference material to be used in the training, a proposed training schedule and evaluation tools. Further, it contains guidance for effective facilitation of training sessions. It will be important to go through this information (Annex 1) and to be confident in your skills as a facilitator before you begin your training of trainers.