This Toolkit focuses on a subset of GBV: violence perpetrated by intimate or marital partners and experienced by women. The Toolkit defines intimate partner violence (IPV) to include emotional, physical, and sexual violence committed by a current or former partner or spouse. We focus on IPV rather than the broader category of gender-based violence, because the literature on linkages between land tenure and IPV is more developed than the literature on land tenure and the GBV.
The Toolkit is meant to be an easily-accessible resource designed to increase awareness of concerns related to IPV in land-related policies and programming (noting that a more comprehensive companion analysis of this issue can be found at: Intimate Partner Violence and Land Tenure, 2018.
It provides recommendations for activities that can build an understanding of this issue and address the needs of women and men for more secure land and resources. This Toolkit also provides recommendations related to monitoring and evaluation of land activities and suggests indicators that projects may wish to use to measure outcomes.
This Toolkit supports the objectives of the United States Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Genderbased Violence Globally (updated, 2016) and USAID’s Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy. It addresses activities and projects that USAID staff may design to strengthen and secure land tenure, property rights, and land governance in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. The Toolkit is one of several gender-based violence (GBV) Toolkits that USAID has developed to address concerns related to GBV in other sectors including, but not limited to, Economic Growth, Energy and Infrastructure, Monitoring and Evaluation, and the Rule of Law.