Water assessment can only be meaningful with a gender perspective. Identifying the factors that contribute to the inclusion or exclusion of women and men belonging to different social and cultural groups, and the ways in which they interact with water resources for different uses, could improve the provision, management and conservation of the world’s water resources for the benefit of all. The collection of sex-disaggregated water data is the first step towards a transformative process in achieving the goals of improving gender equality in the management of water resources and water governance.
UNESCO WWAP has created an innovative toolkit for the collection and analysis of sex-disaggregated water data to address the data gap on gender and water issues at the global level. The UNESCO WWAP Toolkit on Sexdisaggregated Water Data (WWAP Water and Gender Toolkit) is designed to assist the UN Member States in:
- Filling the gap of sex-disaggregated water data of national/regional water statistics;
- Creating a gender baseline knowledge related to water at the regional and national level and a global standard for gender-responsive/transformative water assessments;
- Strengthening capacity for the collection and analysis of sex-disaggregated water data, and providing tools to users in different regions and climates;
- Empowering women for their role and contribution in the field of water, which connects all SDGs, with particular focus on the SDGs 6 and 5; and
- Informing national and regional water policy frameworks, plans and strategies to enable gendertransformative actions to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
The Toolkit constitutes the core of the WWAP capacity development programme on gender analysis for water resources assessments and projects. As part of WWAP’s capacity development efforts, several trainings on the collection and analysis of sex-disaggregated water data took place in several countries in Europe, Latin America and Southern Africa. The Toolkit has also been used by practitioners in Asia.
The 2019 edition of the WWAP Water and Gender Toolkit consists of four tools:
- Tool 1 – Gender-responsive indicators for water assessment, monitoring and reporting
- Tool 2 – Methodology for the collection of sex-disaggregated water data
- Tool 3 – Guidelines on the collection of sex-disaggregated water data
- Tool 4 – Questionnaire for the collection of sex-disaggregated water data