This Toolkit has been designed to assist countries to implement the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Virtually every country in the world is used by profit-seeking criminals for smuggling migrants—either as a country of origin, a transit country or a country of destination (or a combination thereof). Smuggled migrants are vulnerable to exploitation and their lives are often put at risk: thousands of people have suffocated in containers, perished in deserts or drowned at sea while being smuggled to another country. The smuggling of migrants and the activities related to it generate enormous profits for the criminals involved and fuel corruption and organized crime.
The Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime in its decision 4/5 on the implementation of the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, welcomed the efforts undertaken to provide guidance and information on best practices in the areas of training and capacity-building, as well as awareness-raising strategies to prevent and combat the smuggling of migrants. The Toolkit is an example of such efforts.
The Smuggling of Migrants Protocol sets out three clear goals:
- Preventing and combating the smuggling of migrants
- Protecting the rights of smuggled migrants
- Promoting cooperation among States parties to those ends
The goals of this Toolkit are the same. The promising practices and recommended resources included in it are by no means an exhaustive collection of successful, creative and innovative responses to addressing the smuggling of migrants. However, they provide examples of such initiatives and demonstrate the range of resources available to those involved in efforts to counter the smuggling of migrants.
The Toolkit is intended to provide guidance, showcase promising practices and recommend resources in thematic areas.
It is hoped that the Toolkit will inspire and help policymakers, law enforcement officers, judges, prosecutors, victim service providers and members of civil society to play their part in the global effort to combat the smuggling of migrants.