This toolkit was developed as part of a Collaborative Activity by the United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), Bioversity International, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) under the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI). The toolkit is based on the experiences of field testing of the first set of the indicators conducted by Bioversity International and UNDP. National Coordinators from the UNDP-implemented Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP) in the twenty UNDPCOMDEKS countries provided valuable inputs to the development of the first set of the indicators, and have been playing a pivotal role in the testing of the indicators, capturing the perspectives of communities in the field.
This toolkit provides practical guidance for making use of the “Indicators of Resilience in Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)” in the field. The indicators are a tool for engaging local communities in adaptive management of the landscapes and seascapes in which they live. By using the tested methods presented in this toolkit, communities can increase their capacity to respond to social, economic, and environmental pressures and shocks, to improve their environmental and economic conditions, thus increasing the social and ecological resilience of their landscapes and seascapes, and ultimately make progress towards realizing a society in harmony with nature.
The approach presented here is centred on holding participatory “assessment workshops”. These involve discussion and a scoring process for the set of twenty indicators designed to capture communities’ perceptions of factors affecting the resilience of their landscapes and seascapes. The participants in these workshops are members of the local community and stakeholders in the local area. Their participation allows them to evaluate current conditions across the landscape and identify and reach agreement on priority actions, contributing to enhanced communication among stakeholders and empowered local communities. Workshops may be planned and implemented by people from within or outside the community. The guidance provided in this toolkit is primarily intended for organizers and facilitators of resilience assessment workshops.
The toolkit is divided into four chapters.
- Chapter 1 explains the conceptual background, the purpose, uses and benefits of the indicators.
- Chapter 2 introduces the twenty indicators themselves.
- Chapter 3 provides practical guidance on how to use the indicators in an assessment workshop held by the local community. This involves steps to be taken before, during and after the workshop itself, including followup discussions and repeated workshops, encouraging a continuing, long-term, adaptive approach to management.
- Chapter 4 presents examples of past use of the indicators to highlight certain aspects of the assessment process.
To understand the rationale and purpose of the indicators, the toolkit reviews two basic concepts: “socioecological production landscapes and sea-scapes (SEPLS)” and “resilience”.