This toolkit has been prepared jointly by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Local Government International Bureau (LGIB) within the context of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. The toolkit is a part of a broader initiative aiming at mobilizing local capacity and unleashing opportunities for leaders to realize the MDGs at the local level. The UNDP Bureau for Development Policy/Capacity Development Group in partnership with Capacity 2015 for Europe and the Commonwealth of the Independent States and UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre has conceived and funded this project.
“Localising the MDGs” refers to the disaggregation of nationally adjusted global goals at the sub-national and local levels, combined with capacity development for strategic planning, implementation, and monitoring. The localization agenda helps countries combat poverty and social exclusion, enables full participation and open space for social mobilization and develops a greater capacity to deliver basic service to those most in need. The focus on the local level combined with appropriate linkages to national poverty reduction strategies supports bridging regional disparities, socio-economic, gender and ethnic inequalities and thus fosters more rapid, equitable and sustainable development. To be achieved the MDGs must reflect local realities, engage people and be locally owned.
The purpose of this toolkit is to develop capacities of local governments and their communities to ensure a strong MDGs focus in their local development strategies and effective and efficient conversion of public funds into public benefits. The toolkit draws on the ample evidence of creative local strategies for achieving the MDGs across the globe. The toolkit argues that the circumstances under which the MDGs must be implemented differ not only from region to region, and country to country, but also within each country. Therefore there can be no blueprint but rather a flexible approach that reflects local realities and goals and associated capacity development challenges. The toolkit does not provide a rigid set of rules but rather aims at providing background context, general guidance on how to prepare MDG-based local development strategies, along with more practical advice and case studies of what works.
This toolkit aims to help local government s and their communities get actively involved in meeting the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
The toolkit proposes that local governments need to develop and implement a local approach outlining how they will contribute to the MDGs in their local area. This approach should be seen as a driving focus for a wider local development strategy and describes the main aims, policies and activities that will be carried out, in partnership with their local communities and other stakeholders. An ‘MDG linked’ local development strategy should, therefore, see the MDGs and poverty alleviation as a core aspect of the everyday work of local government – integral to the municipal development strategies, plans and policies of every town, district or city.