This toolkit is a resource for development practitioners to assess the effectiveness of various CCA interventions. Produced by USAID’s Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) project, the toolkit presents a framework for analysis and recommends four research tools that USAID and partners can use together with local communities to help prioritize interventions to improve climate resilience.
It is important to note at the outset that CCA interventions should be designed and implemented to respond to climate risks and vulnerabilities that have been identified through a rigorous risk analysis or vulnerability assessment process. When the CCA interventions are designed and implemented in this way, assessment of their effectiveness is more likely to yield useful results. Furthermore, assessment of CCA intervention effectiveness is facilitated by Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systems explicitly including indicators that track CCA interventions. Having those data available to assessment teams, whether assessments are undertaken during project implementation or following project completion, greatly improves the usefulness of assessment results.
The toolkit presents a framework for analysis and recommends four research tools that – working together with local communities – USAID and its partners can use to prioritize interventions and improve resilience. The toolkit includes step-by-step guidance for the application of the research tools and corresponding templates to facilitate the process.
Communities across the globe are coping with the impacts of a changing climate. Weather patterns have become more erratic, and droughts, storms and floods have become more extreme and frequent. To help communities manage these impacts, USAID and other donors are working to develop tools and improve resources to better understand localized climate risks and inform integrated, effective and context-appropriate responses to improve resilience. A critical input to this process is guidance on best practices to both apply climate change adaptation (CCA) strategies and target resources based on where they can achieve the greatest impact.
What you will find in this toolkit?
This toolkit provides background and context for conducting a CCA interventions assessment, and then provides step-by-step guidance and templates for developing an assessment framework and implementing four research tools (Table 1). Examples are based on a hypothetical agriculture sector project, with illustrative material primarily featuring CCA interventions related to food security and livelihoods.
The four tools presented in this toolkit
- Quantitative Analysis of Project Monitoring Data
- Adoption rates of CCA interventions
- Characteristics of adopters and non-adopters
- Perceptions of effectiveness (interim monitoring data)
- Participatory Research and Analysis
- Qualitative descriptions of climate shocks and impacts, and CCA interventions
- Participatory rankings of CCA interventions
- Clustering and sequencing strategies
- Qualitative changes in livelihoods and resilience attributed to CCA interventions
- Cost-Benefit Analysis
- Monetary costs and benefits of CCA interventions
- Stakeholder perceptions of challenges and benefits of each option
- Multi-Criteria Analysis
- Criteria used to make decisions about CCA strategies
- Rankings of CCA interventions weighted and scored against criteria