This user guide shows how to construct, present, interpret and use HIV cascades for the continuum of HIV prevention to care, with available data and minimal technical assistance. It includes recommended indicators, steps to follow, and guidelines and tips for illustrating cascade performance and interpreting the cascades.
This user guide builds upon the World Health Organization (WHO) (2014) Metrics for Monitoring the Cascade of HIV Testing, Care and Treatment Services in Asia and the Pacific. It is designed to help government and civil society implementers construct, present, interpret and use HIV CoPC cascades in Vietnam with available data and minimal technical assistance. The document outlines:
- Recommended indicators for the standardized construction of HIV CoPC cascades in Vietnam
- Simple steps to follow during the cascade generation process
- Presentation guidelines for illustrating cascade performance by location, gender, population, program and/or time; and
- Important tips to help implementers effectively interpret and use HIV CoPC cascades
This guide has been designed for those who are new to developing and using HIV CoPC cascades. Two types of cascades are highlighted in this introductory manual:
- Periodic cascades that can be generated by implementers to illustrate programmatic gaps, progress or achievements; and
- Cross-sectional cascades that implementers can routinely develop to assess overall or aggregated cascade performance in a designated area at any one point in time.
Advanced analytical, visualization, and data verification guidance for M&E professionals may be introduced in guide updates, along with tips for developing more sophisticated cascades, including cohort HIV CoPC cascades, and integrated health cascades (e.g. TB/HIV, methadone/ART).