This publication provides practical tools and guidance on how development projects of the Asian Development Bank can improve the health of the communities that they serve.
This sourcebook provides up-to-date information regarding ADB environmental safeguards, poverty and social analysis, and compliance procedures in order to support the process of health impact assessment. It is a useful reference for ADB staff, borrowers, executing agencies, consultants, and others seeking a better understanding of how to implement health impact assessments. The publication outlines the procedures, methods, and tools that health impact assessments use to systematically judge the potential effects of a policy, plan, program, or project on the health of a population. It is useful to those who are producing a health impact assessment or public health management plan.
The primary purpose of this sourcebook is to provide up-to-date information to ADB environmental safeguards, poverty and social analysis, and compliance staff to support the process of health impact assessment (HIA). This sourcebook may also be a useful reference for other ADB staff, borrowers, and clients, executing agencies, consultants, and other public health practitioners, including nongovernment organizations and members of civil society.
HIA is a combination of procedures, methods, and tools that systematically judges the potential effects of a policy, plan, program, or project on the health of a population and the distribution of those effects within the population. HIA identifies appropriate actions to manage those effects. Its outputs are an HIA report and a public health management plan (PHMP).
This sourcebook adds a number of concepts to the way human health is addressed in the existing environmental safeguards and poverty and social analysis frameworks already applied by ADB. These concepts include
- Considering human health more comprehensively (communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases, nutritional disorders, injuries and accidents, and psychosocial disorders);
- Using a balanced approach toward identifying health benefits and health risks, with the associated recommendations to promote health and health protective measures; and
- Focusing on the determinants of health and how these are modified by development, rather than on disease outcomes.