Disability inclusion is part of a wider movement for inclusive development that strives for the active participation and representation of all people regardless of age, gender, disability, ethnicity, race, class, religion, sexuality or any other characteristic.
Disability-inclusive development is part of this social justice movement that challenges unjust systems and exclusive policies, relations and practice.
Whilst there are many different experiences of disability, there is an agreed understanding of what disability means in terms of universal human rights. This is explicitly defined in the 2007 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The CRPD recognises people with disabilities as active subjects, capable of claiming their rights and making decisions about their lives based on their free and informed consent.
- Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;
- Full and effective participation and inclusion in society;
- Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;
- Equality of opportunity;
- Equality between men and women;
- Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities.